IUAES 2014, Film screening program

Date and Time: May 18th, 10:30-

Venue: Room 304(3rd Floor),
International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe

New Horizon of Anthropological Films from Japan

Convener: Itsushi Kawase (National Museum of Ethnology, Japan)

Currently, a considerable number of films have been produced by Japanese anthropologists centering on the variety of cultures in the world. Since 2006, more than 70 films have been presented in the film program in the annual meetings of the Japanese Society of Cultural Anthropology. Some of them have been circulated and discussed widely in the internationally-acclaimed academic film festivals. The recent dramatic growth of the anthropological/ethnographic film platforms and visual anthropologists’ scholarly networks in the world have further facilitated the production and progress of methodology of anthropological filmmaking in Japan. Furthermore, several interdisciplinary audio-visual workshops led by anthropologists explore the new form of audio-visual storytelling and expand the practice of knowledge creation in humanities in conjunction with film, contemporary art and anthropology. This film program will present some of the latest films produced by anthropologists in Japan. We invite scholars who are interested in integrating film as the practice of doing anthropology and have the discussion on different audio-visual approaches to anthropological subjects as well as the different styles and conventions employed in the construction of films.

Film 1. Ana botol in West Timor - life in the city and village

Presenter: Yoshinari Morita (Osaka University)

In Kupang, there is a group of men called “ana botol”. Every day, ana botol spend huge amounts of time for collecting waste materials, which they later exchange for cash. While ana botol bring the large part of their income back to the village, by the time they return to the city, they usually have spent all of their money. How do they use their money? In this project, I hope to reconsider the notion of poverty and its general understanding through my observation about the way these men earn and spend money.

Duration:43 minutes
Year of Completion: 2012
Location: West Timor (Indonesia)
Camera, narration: Yoshinari Morita
Editing: Yoshinari Morita, Yasuko Ichioka
Language: Japanese, Indonesian, Dawanese (English Subtitle) 
Supervisor in continuity: Yasuko Ichioka

Selected Screenings
15th Yufuin Bunka-Kiroku Film Festival (5th Matsukawa Prize)
10th International Ethnographic Film Festival of Quebec
10th Worldfilm--Tartu Festival of Visual Culture, Estonia

Film 2. When spirits ride their horses

Presenter: Itsushi Kawase (National Museum of Ethnology)

In Gondar, Ethiopia, the possessed body of the Zar spirit medium is referred to as Yäzar Färäs (literally meaning ‘the horse of Zar') In this rhetoric, spirit possession can be understood as the spirit riding the body of the medium. Participants of Zar are described as amamaqi (‘the one who warms up the space’) or anqäsaqaš ( 'the one who shakes and wakes you up'), while the body of the medium through which the spirit departs is described with a word with best refers to ‘coldness’. The ceremonial space has to be warmed up by the dance, music and various kinds of smells to awaken spirits’ power. Spirit possession takes on almost sensuous overtones. The film portrays one lady who devotes her life to Zar spirits. It explores the sensory quality of the interaction between her and Seyfou Tchengar, who is said to be one of the most powerful spirits in the region.

Duration:28 minutes
Year of Completion: 2012
Location: Gondar, Ethiopia
Camera, Editing: Itsushi Kawase
Language: Amharic (English Subtitle)

Selected screenings
13th Royal Anthropological Institute (RAI) International Festival of Ethnographic Film
6th Moscow International Festival of Visual Anthropology
32nd Nordic Anthropological Film Association (NAFA) Film Festival,
4th Yebisu International Festival for Art & Alternative Visions
9th International Film Festival, the Heart of Slavonia, Republic of Croatia

Film 3. jo joko

Presenter: Daisuke Bundo (Shinshu University)

The lives of hunter-gatherers, or you could say their ways of eating. They hunt what they can from surrounding nature, and then share for eating. In the tropical rainforest in Cameroon, the ethnic group called the Baka continues their traditional culture. In their language, they call food as "jo", and good as "joko" whatever the degree. This is an anthropological action film whose sole purpose is to simply record the mealtimes of people living in the forest.

Duration: 61 min.
Year of Completion: 2012
Location: East Province of Cameroon
Camera, editing: Daisuke Bundo
Language: Baka (English subtitles)

Selected screenings
10th Worldfilm--Tartu Festival of Visual Culture, Estonia
Mostra de Filme Etnográfico (5th APA Congress), Portugal
22nd International Festival of Ethnological Films, Republic of Serbia.
“Special Prize of Regional Centre for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in South-Eastern Europe under the auspices of UNESCO”
1st Ethnografilm Festival, France
12th Göttingen International Ethnographic Film Festival

Film 4. Cuba Sentimental

Presenter: Sachiko Tanuma (Osaka University)

Sachi, who lived in Havana for her anthropological study between 2002-2004, sees all her Cuban friends leaving the country to anywhere they can -- Spain, England, Chile, the United States.
Visiting them in their new homes, and visiting their relatives and friends still in Cuba, the film explores how Cubans feel about leaving their country, a place that has been known for its utopian dream.

Duration: 60 min.
Year of Completion: 2010
Location: Cuba, U.K, Spain, U.S, Chile
Camera: Sachiko Tanuma
Editing: Sachiko Tanuma, Yasuko Ichioka
Editing assistant: Leonid López
Supervisor in continuity: Yasuko Ichioka
Music; Eduardo Martín
Language: Japanese, Spanish (English Subtitles)

Selected screenings
8th FIFEQ- The International Ethnographic Film Festival of Quebec
11th Göttingen International Ethnographic Film Festival
14th Yufuin Bunka-Kiroku Film Festival (4th Matsukawa Prize)
Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival 2011
11th Muestra Joven ICAIC(Young/New director's Screening, Havana


Opening Remarks
“New Horizon – Pushing the Boundaries of Anthropological Filmmaking Further –”
by Itsushi Kawase
(film screening and discussion)
Ana botol in West Timor - life in the city and village
(film screening and discussion)
When Spirits Ride Their Horses
(film screening and discussion)
jo joko
(film screening and discussion)
Cuba Sentimental
Final Discussion